How to Use a Graduated ND Filter for Landscape Photography
A neutral density filter pulls the light out of the scene you want to capture. This helps you correctly expose long exposures.A graduated neutral density filter is a piece of glass that is an ND filter on one side, going from transparent to filter in a gradient. These are specifically for darkening one area of your scene.
The sky is the most basic reasons why you would want to use one of these filters. You will find that the sky is much lighter than the landscape or cityscape that you want to photograph. A graduated ND filter will pull out the light, adding detail to that brighter area. This creates a more correctly exposed scene overall, instead of having an area one or two stops lighter than the others.
Camera Settings for Landscape Photography
JPEG Versus Raw
Shooting in JPEG and raw uses the same number of pixels but the file size of the raw is about 5 times bigger than JPEG.That extra file size comes from the image data that the raw file keeps and JPEG discards. This extra data allows you to get so much more range from exposure, colour and white balance in post-production. Shooting in raw isn’t as fast as JPEG, and you need special software to make the most of the raw images, but the end result is definitely worth it.